It is necessary to determine the location and capacity of the cold storage depot which is planned to be done first. In determining this, factors such as the production quantity, market status and economic value of the product to be stored are effective.
In determining the capacity of the warehouse, the Apple is calculated to fall to 1m3 by 200 ± 10 kg.
The following chart describes the product quantities that fall into the storage volume of 1m3.
The type of refrigerant gas to be used when determining the capacity of cold storage is also affecting the cost. In the facilities where large capacity and long-term storage is made, ammonia (NH3), carbon dioxide (CO2) is preferred, freon etc. in warehouses with 2000 tons and smaller capacity. The systems where gases are used can be preferred.
When calculating the height of the cold storage tank, the number of pallets to be stacked with the stacking height of a pallet should be taken into consideration. The warehouse heights can reach up to 8.5-9m, given the number of pallets stacked in the domestic market, usually 166cm, and up to 200cm in the foreign market.
Location and expenses of cold storage
Cold storage tanks should be installed in places with good transport facilities. Places where basic services such as electricity, water, natural gas, telephone and Internet are provided must be selected. 3-phase power line must be required for some devices to operate. A generator is required for the critical points of the facility.
Especially in plants that use aqueous condenser and have a packing area, it should be considered that the need for water is too much. The ground survey of the cold storage area should be well done and there should be no drainage problem.
When choosing a place, it should be predicted that the business can be expanded in the future, and that the areas where the truck and trucks can comfortably input and exit and manoeuvre must be established.
- Depreciation (% 2-3.3)
- Permanent personnel expenses
- Capital Interest
- Insurance, taxes and fees
- Maintenance expenses of the plant (routine maintenance)
- Seasonal personnel expenses
- Electrical expenses water expenses
- Case expenses insurance expenses of the product
- Transportation expenses for fuel expenses
- Supplies (cleaning, stationery etc.) Management expenses
- Communication and warming expenses
The share of fixed expenses in total expenses varies between approximately 56-62%, while variable expenses constitute 38-44% of total expenses.
The biggest share among the changing expenses is the electrical expenses.
Losses in the product that are stored outside these two expenses also increase operational costs and determine the cost of the stored product.